Wednesday, March 21, 2012

No agreed conclusions of CSW 56 at all!

Even though the negotiations had been extended beyond the date that was scheduled to have concluded the session in the end no agreed conclusions have been adopted at the 19th meeting of the fifty-sixth session of the CSW (March 15 2012). To my knowledge it is the first time in history that the CSW did not adopt agreed conclusions to (formally) submit to the Ecosoc Council.

Embarrassment all around the diplomatic community in New York! Diplomats rightfully fear to be seen as incapable of flexibility and compromise. In words of Michelle Bachelet, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of UN-Women: ‘a disappointing inability to reach consensus.

There are some rumours that after another nightly session the informal negotiations in the end stuck especially around the wording of issues of sexuality and reproduction. But other subjects too were far from resolved. The statement on behalf of the African Group (AG) hints for instance at disagreements about the term gender: in the African understanding the Beijing Declaration outlined gender as ‘male’ and ‘female’, according to the press release of the UN Economic and Social Council.

By emphasizing the African understanding of ‘sex education’ (should be age-appropriate and under the guidance of adults) the Zimbabwean spokesperson of the AG seems also to point at disagreements on the sexual and reproductive rights issues. The ‘comprehensive sexuality education’ as promoted by the EU seems miles away from Africa. Zimbabwe is one of the hardliners in issues of gender identity and sexuality. Is it a coincidence that the informal negotiations about the agreed conclusions started with the representative of Swaziland speaking in behalf of the AG and in the end the representative of Zimbabwe?

Since the informals were closed for NGO observers almost from the start it is difficult to reconstruct the process and analyse the discourses. It seems too easy to put the blame to the unlikely alliance of Iran and the Holy See or to assume that mainly the African Group and CARICOM are heading backwards from the Beijng Platform for Action.

A link to the EU-statement can be found at the website of E-quality.

Some countries might take the lead on development of a resolution for the General Assembly of the UN in September to provide a specific reference point on the empowerment of rural women and other related subjects like decent work and social protection.

Leontine Bijleveld

Friday, March 9, 2012

Informals gestaakt tot aanstaande dinsdag

Vanuit de zaal waar de onderhandelingen plaatsvinden hebben we het laatste nieuws over de onderhandelingen gehoord:

Vanavond om 6 uur hield de voorzitter van de CSW een pleidooi aan alle aanwezigen om zich te richten op de groep om wie het deze CSW ging: rural women.
Hij riep op de eigen strijdpunten in dat perspectief te zien en om tot een eindresultaat te komen.

De informals vervolgden tot 8 uur, op welk tijdstip de balans werd opgemaakt.
Er waren slechts 7 paragrafen extra overeengekomen, en nog tientallen para's pending. De voorzitter legde voor hoe/of nog verder te gaan.

De EU gaf aan te willen doorgaan, evenals Zwitserland.
De African Group (die al had aangegeven enkele para's mee terug te willen nemen naar de groep) en Rusland wilden stoppen, vervolgens bleek uit de zaal dat de wil om verder te gaan ontbrak.
De voorzitter gaf aan dat men dinsdag of woensdag de informals zal voortzetten.

Joni van de Sand, WO=MEN Dutch Gender Platform

5th Women’s World Conference in 2015?!

A proposal to held a 5th Women’s World Conference in 2015 will be put forward to the General Assembly of the UN on behalf of Secretary Seneral mr. Ban Ki-moon and on behalf of President of the General Assembly, mr Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser. Early this morning at the last NGO Briefing Ms. Ana Marie Hernando (Philippines), Vice-Chair of the Bureau of CSW 56, confirmed that the chef of the Secretary General’s Cabinet yesterday indeed made an intervention under Agenda item 5 of the CSW. Both gentlemen will embark on a process of consultation as the member states note only have to agree in the General Assembly), but also have to provide the funding to organise the conference. The official statement is to be found on the UN-Website. Possiby this link does not work - inthat case one should try to search at the UN-website: latest statements of the gs, date March 8 (

The 5th Women’s World Conference is to take place in the year 2015: the target date of the Millennium Development Goals and the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.

San Francisco?

No reference was being made by the Bureau nor by UN Women to the place that ought to host the World Conference. The city of San Francisco organised in collaboration with San Francisco based NGOs several site events during CSW 56 to promote their beloved city as THE place for the next Women’s World Conference. One of the strongest arguments the organisers put forward was that San Francisco not only had implemented the Beijing Platform for Action, but also CEDAW – the US is one of the few countries that did not ratify CEDAW.

We raised a few questions during these side events, amongst others to find out whether the ‘SF-committee’ did consult any international and regional women’s organisations and networks and/or the Coalition of Labour Union Women (CLUW) – the answer being NO.

Consultation with civil society organisations?

Given the timing of the announcement at the CSW the General Secretary apparently did not want to encourage the process of civil society consultations straightaway. It seems, however, imperative that women’s rights organisations discuss the pro’s, con's and preconditions, not only national and regional, but also at an international level. Hopefully the upcoming AWID Forum in Istanbul in April can provide the space for such conversations. The Forum could be used as a platform to start an inclusive collaboration of women’s organisations at regional and international level to coordinate lobby and advocacy efforts with regard to gender equality and women’s empowerment at the level of the UN.

In the discourse the suggestion of the Huairou Commission could be taken into account: do not make it a UN World Confenrence, but a UN Forum (comparable with the Habitat Forum).

In the Netherlands the NGO’s will request a dialogue on the subject with the government, to be finalised before the international consultations in the UN will start.

Leontine Bijleveld

Thursday, March 8, 2012

The impact of the global economic crisis on women’s organisations

On March 6, the Malaysia based International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW AP) organised an event on the global economic crisis and how to sustain and invigorate the women’s human rights agenda.

Due to the current economic and financial crisis there has been a significant shift and shrinking of financial support for women’s human rights organisations. During the event organisations and donors - amongst others OSI and Hivos - discussed main issues that have had an impact on the women’s movement.
Women’s organisations shared their experiences and strategies on how to advance the women’s human rights agenda, the challenges that they face in doing so and the innovative measures they used in addressing the funding crush.

One of the presenters was Leontine Bijleveld, of WO=MEN Dutch Gender Platform, she shared the experience of a coalition of Dutch organisations in keeping women’s rights on the Dutch international agenda.

The Netherlands government commits to women’s rights as a priority within its foreign policy. It has a dual track strategy as established in the Beijing Platform for Action: investing in women’s rights (stand alone track) and mainstreaming gender into all other programmes and policies. At the end of the nineties the stand alone track disappeared from the political agenda. The Dutch government focussed on gender mainstreaming, which was in fact gender “away streaming”. The second track, investing in women’s rights, was pushed to the background.
An evaluation of Dutch policies and programmes indicated that focussing on gender mainstreaming, led to away streaming and that the dual strategy was essential in the fight for equal rights for women and men. Due to the evaluation and an intensive cooperation with the coalition of Dutch women’s organisations, the Dutch government reaffirmed in 2007 its commitment to the dual track strategy and created a fund amounting to 70 million Euro to promote women’s rights and gender equality via women’s rights organisations, the MDG3 Fund.

Leontine Bijleveld emphasized that “due to the strong lobby and cooperation with parliament by civil society organisations, women’s rights are kept on the Dutch political agenda, even under the new conservative government.” The MDG3 Fund is continued in a new fund: FLOW Funding for Leadership Opportunities for Women – 42 million Euro. Though this commitment from the Dutch government is positively welcomed, there is also critique, due to the complicated procedures the fund is mostly inaccessibility for grassroots and smaller organisations.
The important lessons which can be learned from the experience of the Dutch women’s coalition, especially in times of crises are:

1. A strong collaboration of women’s organisations is essential to keep women’s rights on the international cooperation agenda, especially in keeping governments committed to support women’s rights.
2. The dual track strategy as developed at the Beijing Platform for Action is essential in guaranteeing gender equality and women’s rights.

The presentations during the event focussed on the importance of coalition building by the women’s movement and funding for women’s organisations, with a specific focus on the importance of core funding for over a longer period. The event brought together donors and organisations from all over the world, IWRAW AP will present the main outcomes of the event to donors in order to keep gender equality on the international agenda.

Jessie HexspoorProgramme officer West Asia Hivos

March 8 Global Women for Equality, Development & Peace

NGOCSW/NY Forum offered CSW-delegates and NGO-participants the opportunity to march on international women's day.
Jessie Hexspoor (Hivos) made an impression of her first global women's march.

5th World Conference on Women?!

Breaking news bij de CSW: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon gaat voorstellen om een 5e WereldVrouwenConferentie te organiseren in 2015! Hij zal dit formeel in stemming brengen bij de 66e sessie van de UN General Assembly die in oktober dit jaar zal plaatsvinden. Dat is aangekondigd door het CSW bureau bij de laatste algemene publieke sessie.

Komt er een vrouwenconferentie in navolging van de vierde conferentie in Beijing (1995)? En zo ja, wat zou dit betekenen voor gender gelijkheid en empowerment van vrouwen in de wereld? Sinds het Beijing Platform voor Actie is de wereld veranderd. In een aantal opzichten zijn vrouwen erop vooruitgegaan. Aan de andere kant lijken de verhoudingen tussen progressieve en reactieve krachten steeds meer op scherp te staan. Een nieuwe conferentie kan leiden tot een nieuwe declaratie. Daarmee zal Beijing verouderd zijn.

Als er een 5WCW komt, zullen pro-gender, pro-vrouwenrechten, pro-empowerment, pro-sexual orientation and gender identity activisten alles op alles moeten zetten om ervoor te zorgen dat het outcome document en vervolg plan voor actie, nóg beter zullen zijn dan de uitkomsten van Beijing!

What have we got to win? What have we got to loose?
Discussieer mee! Twitter: #5WCW

Joni van de Sand, WO=MEN Dutch Gender Platform

Arrestation d’Iraniennes pour militantisme au sein de la CCF

Voici une déclaration sur le droit des femmes iraniennes de participer à la CCF qui a été lue par une consœur, au nom des militantes iraniennes, au cours de la séance d’information matinale des ONG. Des copies de cette déclaration ont été distribuées pendant les célébrations de l’ONU marquant la Journée internationale de la femme.

La délégation syndicale à la CCF

Wednesday, March 7, 2012

The right to participate in the CSW, the Case of Iran

A group of international women's and human rights activists, organizations and networks, including AI, AIDOA and AWID to name a few, joined forces with a group of Women's rights activists from Iran and applied for an oral statement during the General Discussion at CSW 54.
The application was turned down. UN Women was requested to explain why: CSW's Bureau decided to refuse allotting speaking time to the alliance because Iran, one of the 45 members of the CSW this year insisted to do. We all thought that freedom of expression was one of the fundamental right, guaranteed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but apparently this does not apply to UN premises!

In the end the CSW-NGO liason team right allowed one of the sisters to read the statement just after the closing the daily NGO briefing this morning. You can read it through this link.

Also watch the video, ABSENT VOICES, in youtube.

Leontine Bijleveld

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Financing for Gender Equality & Financing for Women's Empowerment 4

Patti O’Neill, Deputy Head Policy Coordination Development Co-operation Directorate OECD, presented a paper at the Interactive Panel on the Review theme.: Follow the Money – Tracking Financing for Gender Equality. Download of the paper is possible via CSW 54.

In the first part of her paper O’Neill explained the development of the OECD DAC gender equality policy marker. Once countries become members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), they are required to submit statistical data on their aid activities along common reporting rules and standards. Data on aid activities targeting gender equality have been collected since 1991. The biggest breakthroughs have come over the last five years, leading to increases in aid focused on gender equality. Today all 24 DAC members are using the marker and 75% of the sector-allocable aid is screened. The Committee is able to use the data in peer reviews to identify gaps between political commitments and statements and individual donor financing of particular sectors or countries. As a consequence donors feel the need to step up their efforts. The gender equality marker has, in other words, political power.

O’Neill quoted from the latest report, fresh from the printshop (February 2012): Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment.

In the second part of her paper O’Neill elaborated on the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation. In November 2011 the Korean government hosted the Busan High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness. According to O’Neill the Forum was a turning point for development: the most inclusive meeting ever held on development effectiveness. As a result of five years of close collaboration by the DAC Network on Gender Equality with UN Women (previously Unifem) and with women’s organizations. In the outcome agreement governments made strong commitments to gender equality and women’s empowerment. O’Neill cited paragraph 20 of the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation. At the same time a number of complimentary international agreements were launched, including the Busan Joint Action Plan on Gender Equality and Development. This action plan has been designed to help to implement the Busan commitments at country level, which is imperative to make the gender commitments a reality. UN Women has a key role to play in each of the key areas that are needed to achieve impact and results:
- the countries’ capacity to collect, analyse and disseminate data disaggregated by sex
- more systematically addressing gender equality throughout the public financial management cycle.

Patti O’Neill was optimistic about the expected outcome of the Busan Partnership and the joint Action Plan on Gender Equality. This optimism is not shared by several women’s organizations. “Commitments (to gender equality) should be driven by a real commitment to the enjoyment of women’s rights and to strengthen their autonomies, not a desire to generate economic benefits.” according to Kate Lappin, APWLD Regional Coordinator. The Asian Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD) is a regional network of feminist organizations and women, that has been active for nearly 25 years. The 180 members represent groups of diverse women from 25 countries in the region. APWLD was one of the initiators of the Busan Global Women’s Forum Political Statement.

Kate Lappin was one of the panelists at IWRAW-AP’s side event Development and Women’s Rights: the Way Forward on March 5th. In her presentation Lappin identified as one of the problems the increasing “Pink washing” as she framed the instrumental approach to gender equality, that easily dilutes the rights based approach.

Personally I think it can be sometimes useful to emphasis the ‘smart economics’ to invest in women, as long as the human rights perspective is not lost. I would suggest, however, readers of the blogspot to follow up on the links in this blog that are worthwhile reading anyway.

Leontine Bijleveld

Monday, March 5, 2012

Challenges and prospects for gender equality in the context of the Arab uprisings, part II

On Friday 2 March, the organisation Karama organised a conference on the role of Arab women’s rights activists in the Arab Spring.

Greater representation of women in decision making processes in countries in the MENA region, increased participation and representation of female - civil society - leaders from the Arab region in the international analysis and public dialogue on the Arab Spring and the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 were the main topics on the agenda during the conference.

Approximately fifteen NGO leaders and women’s rights activists from Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco, Lebanon, Somalia, and Sudan presented three main panels:

1. Are the Arab women shaping the future after the Arab Spring

2. Striving for new constitutional rights in the context of Islamist electoral victories

3. Women, peace and security: demanding accountability for implementing resolutions 1325 and 1820 in the Arab region

Are the Arab women shaping the future after the Arab Spring

Transitional governments have marginalized women from political power. Few women were named to the constitutional committees and interim Cabinets of Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, and Libya. Only eight women were elected to Egypt’s 500-member parliament for the next five years. During the session at the CSW the lack of representation of women after the Arab Spring in decision making processes was addressed. The event intended to convey the recommendations of Arab women’s rights leaders to – international – policymakers in order to address the lack of their representation in official decision making processes.

Women, peace and security: demanding accountability for implementing resolutions 1325 and 1820 in the Arab region

In the struggle to reverse women’s lack of representation, the UN Security Council’s mandatory Resolution 1325 and subsequent Resolutions 1820, 1888, 1889, and 1960 are an invaluable piece of international law calling for increased roles and representation of women in formal peace processes, conflict resolution, and transitional governments, and prosecution of sexual violence as a weapon in wartime. The group of women used the CSW event to invoke Resolution 1325 and call for increased roles and representation of women in the Arab region’s politics and transition processes.

Besides the event the group of female activists from the MENA region had lobby and advocacy meetings with UN agency leaders, official delegations of Member States and representatives of the – international – women’s movement, trade unions etc.

After the event a number of recommendations were presented: Here you find the complete list of recommendations.

Hivos supported the conference of Karama to provide a platform for women from the Middle East to be represented during the CSW.

For more information please contact Jessie Hexspoor, Programme Officer West Asia Hivos at

Sunday, March 4, 2012

Challenges and prospects for gender equality in the context of the Arab uprisings.

El-Karama organized a one-day conference on March 2nd at the Millennium UN Plaza Hotel. The conference was composed of experts and activists from within the Arab region, including women from Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunis, as well as global partners, amongst which from HIVOS and WO=MEN Dutch Gender Platform.

The conference led to a concrete set of recommendations for the future:

Panel 1: Are Arab women shaping the future after the Arab Spring?

- Success for women will come from how well we are organized, ad what social and other resources women have. We must use our numbers to organize, to speak loudly, to counter what’s happening against women’s rights, to reach the political candidates, and to use the media.

- poverty and politics are the crux for women’s empowerment. We must work at the level of the village and in rural areas to end poverty and illiteracy, so that not just the Muslim Brotherhood is recognized for this.

- We have to play the game differently: we must build bridges around different players, bring youth, progressive men, bring all who are for human rights, equality, justice, ad freedom, and build a good connection to the religious men as well. We have to know what is the language the Islamist’s are using to get in power, and we must make new languages.

- We should examine and emulate each other’s achievements lobbying for equality in the new constitutions, such as article 19 in Morocco, and the electoral law in Libya.

Panel 2: striving for new constitutional rights in the context of Islamist electoral victories

- We must realize that Islamic trend movements are not uniform when it comes to their conceptions and discourse of women’s rights. There is a split between generations within the Muslim Brotherhood (older more paternalistic, younger more used to seeing women in decision-making roles)

- Women should not be holding ourselves to the standard of repressive countries, but rather to the most progressive countries on women’s rights issues

- Before blaming local political parties for excluding us, we should look at ourselves and rise to a higher standard.

- Gender must be included in the (new) constitutions

Panel 3: Women, peace and security: demanding accountability for implementing Resolutions 1325 and 1820 in the Arab region.

- 1325 is an extremely useful took for lobbying at international levels, and national action plans for 1325 must be written with the participation of all stakeholders

- 1325 and its children have suggested a new conception of ‘peace’ not as an absence of conflict, but as something that must be constantly negotiated and upheld even during periods of stability.

- 1325/1820 are not well disseminated at the national level, and more awareness-raising is necessary

- It is important to start working with men on peace and security issues

Friday, March 2, 2012

Financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women 3

The interactive dialogue about the review theme was expected to lead to strong recommendations for accelerating progress in implementation of the Agreed Conclusions 52, taking into account not only the challenges but also the opportunities stemming from the current global context. The multiple crises facing the world however threatens real progress. As the secretariat had stated in the issues paper: “To achieve equitable and sustainable development results, a stronger response tot the issue of financing for gender equality is needed."

Generally spoken the interactive dialogue was not very exciting or revealing. A moderator’s summary will highlight the key findings and recommendations of the event. We present some of the more interesting views below.

Lydia Alpizar (AWID) observed some trends in funding women’s rights: “What we see is kind of a paradox. On the one hand, in the last 3-5 years, there has been an increase by mainstream actors in interest in women and girls as agents of change. You can see the examples at the WorldBank, NIKE Foundation, and GoldmanSachs. Clearly women have the increased attention of various sectors of society. On the other hand, Official Development Aid (ODA) funding is influenced by the multiple crises. As a result, governments invest less means in development work. Especially amongst the more conservative governments in the North, there is less interest to support international solidarity through ODA. As a result, funding for women’s rights has decreased. Also, some of the processes to access grants are highly technical and complicated. This makes them difficult to access for smaller organizations. “

Jeni Klugman (WorldBank): “What is new in the WorldBank when it comes to gender issues, is the recognition of the rights agenda. It is not not just about economic development. Improving gender equality is also related to voice and agency. And about the recognition that economic growth will not be enough. We therefore call for public policies and programmes.”

Barbara Byers (ITUC/Global Unions) asked the panelists views about the funding for decent work for women programmes, and about support for the ILO Gender Audit programmes.

Lydia Alpizar was the only panelist taking up these economic and social rights issues: We should not limit our understanding of women’s economic empowerment to encourage women to take up entrepreneurship. We need decent work and labour rights. The empowerment agenda must also be about decent ways for women to get livelihoods. Women will not only get out of poverty with entrepreneurship, the agenda is broader.

Leontine Bijleveld (Dutch NGO’s) posed a question about trends in funcding for Lesbian Bisexual & Transgender organizations. Lydia Alpizar: “Clearly LBT-organizations are amongst the groups most marginalized because of the level poverty, or being ethnic minority groups, dealing with sexual orientation and gender identity issues, etc. AWID’s research shows that they are the groups with lowest budgets, and they can often not secure funding through the year. Also their level of access to funds is restricted. They report having to close down organizations. And they are under a high level of violence. It becomes a matter of human survival to get funded. It is very important that resource allocation includes resources for specific organizations of highly marginalized and suppressed groups.”

Joni van de Sand WO=MEN

Thursday, March 1, 2012

Financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women 2

Thank you Chair for the invitation to make an intervention in this rich debate on behalf of Hivos, a Dutch development agency. I am speaking also on behalf of the other Dutch NGO’s with ECOSOC accreditation attending this 56th CSW, which in their turn represent many other women’s rights organizations at home.

To start I would like to recall our excitement in 2008 that the M word, Money, was on the CSW agenda. Gender equality requires money and investments and so Money Matters indeed.

The Agreed Conclusions of CSW 52, finalised behind closed doors in the night after the closing ceremony, did not meet our expectations at all.

Women’s rights organizations in the Netherlands and Europe, having been present at the CSW 52, issued a statement, expressing their deep concerns that there were no meaningful commitments in the Agreed Conclusions related to financing for gender equality. No concrete targets and timetables and no strong mechanisms for effective tracking and monitoring of financial resources spent on gender equality.

Instead of scaling up resources to support the work of crucial gender equality stakeholders, the Agreed Conclusions of CSW 52 had been distracted by the renegotiations around the language of earlier agreed commitments. And in some aspects even weakening those earlier agreed commitments, amongst others by the addition of "bearing in mind national priorities" with respect to the recommended following actions.

Now that we are reviewing the Agreed Conclusions we can see that this escape route of the national priorities is widely used. In the crisis of the last years more and more governments are tiptoeing away from their commitments.

We are noting moreover the consequences of the fact that the Agreed Conclusions failed to address the need for adequate resources and a diversity of funding mechanisms to support the indispensable role of women’s organizations as the driving force of the agenda of gender equality and empowerment of women at all levels. More and more women’s rights organizations face severe budget cuts, forcing them to scale down or even to close down.

In that respect I would like to ask Ms Alpizar whether she could elaborate a bit about the financial resources of the LBT-rights based organizations. In the Netherlands we notice a shift with regard to government’s subsidies from women’s rights organizations to (single issue) LGBT-organizations.

Ms Patti ONeill I would like to ask whether she could provide us with an informed guess about the trend in funding since 2010, especially with respect of the support for the women’s rights organisations.

Ms Jeni Klugman rightfully concluded her written paper with the observation that addressing deep seated structural inequalities take time. She pleaded to counsel patience both within organisations as to the broader audience. We would say: yes changes do not happen overnight, and since we did not start yesterday and since we have lost precious time and money, do you agree that we need to counsel the sense of urgency alongside the patience for the tangible results and deep seated changes?

Thank you very much.

Financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women 1

In the organization of Work of CSW 54 Thursday 1 March was dedicated to the Review theme Financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women. In two panels experts presented their views, often in the form of a shorter oral paper presentation and a more extensive written version, available on PDF on the CSW 54 website, as is the Issues paper prepared by the secretariat (your have to scroll down untill you see the aanouncements of the panels). The morning focussed on the national experiences and the afternoon was dedicated to the perspecive of international organisations an multilateral development partners.

For the Dutch organizations, especially Hivos and WO=MEN, the review theme did have a special meaning as they had been very intensely engaged in the lobby for strong Agreed Conclusions on the subject of Financing for gender equality and women’s empowerment. By the way: it is recommendable to read the blogs the HIVOS/WO=MEN/IIAV team wrote back in 2008, the year when we started the WomeninNewYork.blogspot.

This keen interest was the reason Hivos applied also on behalf of the other Dutch organizations, for an oral intervention in the afternoon session. As a starting point we used the joint Dutch NGO recommendations from 2008 and the statement the NGO’s issues after having analysed the Agreed Conclusions CSW 52. However, given the fact that the panel was supposed to be interactive, we included questions to the panelists. What we present to you in our next blog is the result of preparation beforehand and adaptation during the session. We included the phrases we had to skip in view of the very limited time.

Leontine Bijleveld
writer and speaker of the intervention